Foraging in winter is not always easy, and it gets even harder the further north or higher in elevation that you are. The super cold temperatures, low light, and heavy snow cover in these areas can really make it difficult for anything to persist and survive through winter. There are a few wild plants that are usually reliable, even in the harshest conditions. If you are in a more moderate or a warmer zone, your options are expanded, sometimes by a lot! Here I will go over more than 30 edible and medicinal trees, nuts, berries, leaves, roots, lichens, mushrooms, and seaweed to forage in winter.
One thing to think about, especially if you are in the harshest weather zones, is to leave most of what you may find for the wildlife. They are likely going to need it more than you will! That’s not to say that you can’t enjoy a cup of pine needle or birch bark tea from time to time, but it’s good to be aware of the cycle of life and how we play a part in it.
Trees and their needles, cones, branches, bark, and sap are the classic winter foraging food. They are available to practically everyone and in almost any climate.
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